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LEED v4.1

Schools – New Construction

Location & Transportation
Surrounding Density and Diverse Uses

LEED CREDIT

Schools-NC-v4.1 LTc4: Surrounding density and diverse uses 1-5 points

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SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser expert

Kara Strong

AIA, LEED BD+C

Sustainable Design Consulting
Project Director

SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser’s viewpoint

Explore this LEED credit

Post your questions on this credit in the forum, and click on the credit language tab to review to the LEED requirements.

Credit language

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Requirements

Option 1. Surrounding Density (2–3 points BD&C except Core and Shell, 2-4 points Core and Shell)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile (400-meter) offset of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (IP units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6
Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (SI units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

Schools only
Physical education spaces that are part of the project site, such as playing fields and associated buildings used during sporting events only (e.g., concession stands) and playgrounds with play equipment, are excluded from the development density calculations.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse Uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance from the following number of uses (see Appendix 1), as listed below.

Table 1. Points for proximity to uses

Uses Points
4–7 1
≥ 8 2

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.
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LEEDuser expert

Kara Strong

AIA, LEED BD+C

Sustainable Design Consulting
Project Director

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Requirements

Option 1. Surrounding Density (2–3 points BD&C except Core and Shell, 2-4 points Core and Shell)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile (400-meter) offset of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (IP units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6
Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (SI units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

Schools only
Physical education spaces that are part of the project site, such as playing fields and associated buildings used during sporting events only (e.g., concession stands) and playgrounds with play equipment, are excluded from the development density calculations.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse Uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance from the following number of uses (see Appendix 1), as listed below.

Table 1. Points for proximity to uses

Uses Points
4–7 1
≥ 8 2

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

LEEDuser expert

Kara Strong

AIA, LEED BD+C

Sustainable Design Consulting
Project Director

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