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LEED v4
Retail – New Construction
Location & Transportation

Surrounding density and diverse uses

LEED CREDIT

Retail-NC-v4 LTc4: Surrounding density and diverse uses 1-5 points

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SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser expert

Kara Strong

AIA, LEED BD+C

Sustainable Design Consulting
Project Director

SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser’s viewpoint

Explore this LEED credit

Post your questions on this credit in the forum, and click on the credit language tab to review to the LEED requirements.

Credit language

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Requirements

Option 1. Surrounding density (2–3 points)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile [400-meter] radius of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (IP units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6
Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (SI units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

SITES-LEED Equivalency

This LEED credit (or a component of this credit) has been established as equivalent to a SITES v2 credit or component. For more information on using the equivalency as a substitution in your LEED or SITES project, see this article and guidance document.

See all forum discussions about this credit »

What does it cost?

Cost estimates for this credit

On each BD+C v4 credit, LEEDuser offers the wisdom of a team of architects, engineers, cost estimators, and LEED experts with hundreds of LEED projects between then. They analyzed the sustainable design strategies associated with each LEED credit, but also to assign actual costs to those strategies.

Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

This information is also available in a full PDF download in The Cost of LEED v4 report.

Learn more about The Cost of LEED v4 »

Frequently asked questions

When it comes to satisfying the requirements for Option 1, what does the "total buildable land" take into account? And the "total building area"?

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(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Where do we measure the radius from? In LEED 2009, we measured it from the main entry, but the LEED v4 language is different.

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

See all forum discussions about this credit »

Documentation toolkit

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LEEDuser’s Documentation Toolkit is loaded with calculators to help assess credit compliance, tracking spreadsheets for materials, sample templates to help guide your narratives and LEED Online submissions, and examples of actual submissions from certified LEED projects for you to check your work against. To get your plaque, start with the right toolkit.

LEEDuser expert

Kara Strong

AIA, LEED BD+C

Sustainable Design Consulting
Project Director

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To conserve land and protect farmland and wildlife habitat by encouraging development in areas with existing infrastructure. To promote walkability, and transportation efficiency and reduce vehicle distance traveled. To improve public health by encouraging daily physical activity.

Requirements

Option 1. Surrounding density (2–3 points)

Locate on a site whose surrounding existing density within a ¼-mile [400-meter] radius of the project boundary meets the values in Table 1. Use either the “separate residential and nonresidential densities” or the “combined density” values.

Table 1a. Points for average density within 1/4 mile of project site (IP units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C (Core and Shell) Points
ID&C
Square feet per acre of buildable land Residential density (DU/acre) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
22,000 7 0.5 2 2 3
35,000 12 0.8 3 4 6
Table 1b. Points for average density within 400 meters of project site (SI units)

Combined density Separate residential and nonresidential densities Points
BD&C (except Core and Shell)
Points BD&C
(Core and Shell)
Points
ID&C
Square meters per hectare of buildable land Residential density (DU/hectare) Nonresidential density (FAR)      
5,050 17.5 0.5 2 2 3
8,035 30 0.8 3 4 6

DU = dwelling unit; FAR = floor-area ratio.

AND/OR

Option 2. Diverse uses (1–2 points)

Construct or renovate a building or a space within a building such that the building’s main entrance is within a ½-mile (800-meter) walking distance of the main entrance of four to seven (1 point) or eight or more (2 points) existing and publicly available diverse uses (listed in Appendix 1).

The following restrictions apply.

  • A use counts as only one type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
  • No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g. if five restaurants are within walking distance, only two may be counted).
  • The counted uses must represent at least three of the five categories, exclusive of the building’s primary use.

Appendix 1. Use types and categories

SITES-LEED Equivalency

This LEED credit (or a component of this credit) has been established as equivalent to a SITES v2 credit or component. For more information on using the equivalency as a substitution in your LEED or SITES project, see this article and guidance document.

Cost estimates for this credit

On each BD+C v4 credit, LEEDuser offers the wisdom of a team of architects, engineers, cost estimators, and LEED experts with hundreds of LEED projects between then. They analyzed the sustainable design strategies associated with each LEED credit, but also to assign actual costs to those strategies.

Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

This information is also available in a full PDF download in The Cost of LEED v4 report.

Learn more about The Cost of LEED v4 »

When it comes to satisfying the requirements for Option 1, what does the "total buildable land" take into account? And the "total building area"?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Where do we measure the radius from? In LEED 2009, we measured it from the main entry, but the LEED v4 language is different.

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

LEEDuser expert

Kara Strong

AIA, LEED BD+C

Sustainable Design Consulting
Project Director

See all LEEDuser forum discussions about this credit » Subscribe to new discussions about Retail-NC-v4 LTc4