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LEED v4.1
Existing Retail
Indoor Environmental Quality
Indoor Environmental Quality Performance

LEED CREDIT

Retail-EBOM-v4.1 EQc1: Indoor Environmental Quality Performance 8-20 points

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SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser expert

Trista Little

LEED AP O+M, BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador

WSP USA
Senior Consultant

SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser’s viewpoint

Explore this LEED credit

Post your questions on this credit in the forum, and click on the credit language tab to review to the LEED requirements.

Credit language

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To assess how well the building is performing for the occupants, in particular with regards to indoor air quality and comfort.

Requirements

Conduct an occupant satisfaction survey and/or an indoor air quality evaluation.

For the occupant satisfaction survey, regular building occupants must be surveyed. The required number of responses that must be received is outlined in Figure 1.

For the indoor air quality evaluation, test for any of the following contaminants:

  • Inorganic Contaminants:
    • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
    • Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
    • Ozone (O3)
    • PM2.5
  • Volatile Organic Compounds:
    • Acetaldehyde (75-07-0)
    • Benzene (71-43-2)
    • Styrene (100-42-5)
    • Toluene (108-88-3)
    • Naphthalene (91-20-3)
    • Dichlorobenzene (1,4-) (106-46-7)
    • Xylenes-total (108-38-3, 95-47-6, and 106-42-3)
    • Formaldehyde (50-00-0)
    • Total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) (as defined in ISO 16000-6)

Points are awarded based on the results from the CO2 and TVOC measurements.

Take the indoor air measurements in locations representative of all occupied spaces, within the breathing zone (between 3 and 6 feet (900 and 1800 millimeters) above the floor), during normal occupied hours, under typical minimum ventilation conditions.

Conduct the survey at least once per year, using the Arc Platform, and calculate an Occupant Satisfaction Score for the project.

Conduct at least one indoor air quality evaluation per year. Input measured contaminant levels into the Arc Platform and calculate a CO2 Score and TVOC score for the project.

Obtain a minimum Human Experience Score of 40. Additional points for this prerequisite are awarded for Human Experience Scores above 40, according to Table 1.

The Human Experience Score is based on three components which are weighted differently:

  1. Occupant satisfaction score (50% weighting)
  2. CO2 score (25% weighing)
  3. TVOC score (25% weighting)
Table 1. LEED Points for Human Experience

Human Experience Score LEED Points
40 (Required) 8 (Required)
43 9
48 10
53 11
58 12
63 13
68 14
73 15
78 16
83 17
88 18
93 19
98 20

Figure 1. Required Response Rates as a Product of Building Occupancy

Equation: Response rate= 100 * (0.25 / square root (occupancy / 500))

Occupant satisfaction score
The occupant satisfaction score rates the satisfaction occupants have with the building against satisfaction of occupants of comparable LEED certified buildings.

The score is a value from 1-100 based on the project’s average occupant satisfaction level taking and the variance in the occupant responses.

Occupant Satisfaction Score calculation
To calculate an occupant satisfaction score, the following data is required. All data is collected via the occupant satisfaction survey. At least one survey every 365 days must be conducted:

  1. Number of regular building occupants and visitors
  2. For Hospitality projects, number of hotel or lodging guests (these occupants may be excluded from the survey)
  3. Occupant satisfaction level (for each survey response)

The projects occupant satisfaction score is calculated by taking the average of the satisfaction levels for each building occupant that completes the survey, and considering the variance in the responses, using Equation 1.

Equation 1: Occupant satisfaction score = (Average occupant satisfaction level x 10) - variance in occupant satisfaction level

CO2 score

The CO2 score rates the building’s CO2 levels against the industry benchmark level of 1000 ppm.

The score is a value from 1-100 based on the project’s average 95th percentile CO2 value.

CO2 score calculation
To calculate a CO2 score, the following data is required:

  1. Measurement location
  2. Date and time for each measurement
  3. Measured CO2 concentration (ppm)

The 95th percentile value for each location (CO295th) is calculated. The 95th percentile is the CO2 value where 95% of the data falls below.

An average CO295th value is calculated for the indoor environmental quality evaluation.

The project’s average CO295th value is then input into the CO2 scoring function (see Figure 2) to produce a CO2 score for the project.

Figure 2. CO2 scoring function

The CO2 scoring function was developed based on the industry benchmark level of 1000 ppm.

TVOC Score
The TVOC score rates the building’s TVOC levels against the industry benchmark level of 500 µg/m3.

The score is a value from 1-100 based on the project’s maximum TVOC value.

TVOC score calculation
To calculate a TVOC score, the following data is required:

  • Measurement location
  • Measurement date(s)
  • Start and end time(s) for each measurement
  • Measured TVOC concentration (µg/m3)

An average TVOC level (TVOCavg) is calculated for each location by averaging all of the TVOC measurements taken at that location during the indoor air quality evaluation.

A maximum TVOC level (TVOCmax) is determined by taking the highest TVOCavg value for the indoor environmental quality evaluation.

The project’s maximum TVOC level (TVOCmax) is then input into the TVOC scoring function to produce a TVOC score for the project.

The TVOC scoring function was developed based on the LEED TVOC limit of 500 µg/m3.

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Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

This information is also available in a full PDF download in The Cost of LEED v4 report.

Learn more about The Cost of LEED v4 »

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LEEDuser expert

Trista Little

LEED AP O+M, BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador

WSP USA
Senior Consultant

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To assess how well the building is performing for the occupants, in particular with regards to indoor air quality and comfort.

Requirements

Conduct an occupant satisfaction survey and/or an indoor air quality evaluation.

For the occupant satisfaction survey, regular building occupants must be surveyed. The required number of responses that must be received is outlined in Figure 1.

For the indoor air quality evaluation, test for any of the following contaminants:

  • Inorganic Contaminants:
    • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
    • Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
    • Ozone (O3)
    • PM2.5
  • Volatile Organic Compounds:
    • Acetaldehyde (75-07-0)
    • Benzene (71-43-2)
    • Styrene (100-42-5)
    • Toluene (108-88-3)
    • Naphthalene (91-20-3)
    • Dichlorobenzene (1,4-) (106-46-7)
    • Xylenes-total (108-38-3, 95-47-6, and 106-42-3)
    • Formaldehyde (50-00-0)
    • Total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) (as defined in ISO 16000-6)

Points are awarded based on the results from the CO2 and TVOC measurements.

Take the indoor air measurements in locations representative of all occupied spaces, within the breathing zone (between 3 and 6 feet (900 and 1800 millimeters) above the floor), during normal occupied hours, under typical minimum ventilation conditions.

Conduct the survey at least once per year, using the Arc Platform, and calculate an Occupant Satisfaction Score for the project.

Conduct at least one indoor air quality evaluation per year. Input measured contaminant levels into the Arc Platform and calculate a CO2 Score and TVOC score for the project.

Obtain a minimum Human Experience Score of 40. Additional points for this prerequisite are awarded for Human Experience Scores above 40, according to Table 1.

The Human Experience Score is based on three components which are weighted differently:

  1. Occupant satisfaction score (50% weighting)
  2. CO2 score (25% weighing)
  3. TVOC score (25% weighting)
Table 1. LEED Points for Human Experience

Human Experience Score LEED Points
40 (Required) 8 (Required)
43 9
48 10
53 11
58 12
63 13
68 14
73 15
78 16
83 17
88 18
93 19
98 20

Figure 1. Required Response Rates as a Product of Building Occupancy

Equation: Response rate= 100 * (0.25 / square root (occupancy / 500))

Occupant satisfaction score
The occupant satisfaction score rates the satisfaction occupants have with the building against satisfaction of occupants of comparable LEED certified buildings.

The score is a value from 1-100 based on the project’s average occupant satisfaction level taking and the variance in the occupant responses.

Occupant Satisfaction Score calculation
To calculate an occupant satisfaction score, the following data is required. All data is collected via the occupant satisfaction survey. At least one survey every 365 days must be conducted:

  1. Number of regular building occupants and visitors
  2. For Hospitality projects, number of hotel or lodging guests (these occupants may be excluded from the survey)
  3. Occupant satisfaction level (for each survey response)

The projects occupant satisfaction score is calculated by taking the average of the satisfaction levels for each building occupant that completes the survey, and considering the variance in the responses, using Equation 1.

Equation 1: Occupant satisfaction score = (Average occupant satisfaction level x 10) - variance in occupant satisfaction level

CO2 score

The CO2 score rates the building’s CO2 levels against the industry benchmark level of 1000 ppm.

The score is a value from 1-100 based on the project’s average 95th percentile CO2 value.

CO2 score calculation
To calculate a CO2 score, the following data is required:

  1. Measurement location
  2. Date and time for each measurement
  3. Measured CO2 concentration (ppm)

The 95th percentile value for each location (CO295th) is calculated. The 95th percentile is the CO2 value where 95% of the data falls below.

An average CO295th value is calculated for the indoor environmental quality evaluation.

The project’s average CO295th value is then input into the CO2 scoring function (see Figure 2) to produce a CO2 score for the project.

Figure 2. CO2 scoring function

The CO2 scoring function was developed based on the industry benchmark level of 1000 ppm.

TVOC Score
The TVOC score rates the building’s TVOC levels against the industry benchmark level of 500 µg/m3.

The score is a value from 1-100 based on the project’s maximum TVOC value.

TVOC score calculation
To calculate a TVOC score, the following data is required:

  • Measurement location
  • Measurement date(s)
  • Start and end time(s) for each measurement
  • Measured TVOC concentration (µg/m3)

An average TVOC level (TVOCavg) is calculated for each location by averaging all of the TVOC measurements taken at that location during the indoor air quality evaluation.

A maximum TVOC level (TVOCmax) is determined by taking the highest TVOCavg value for the indoor environmental quality evaluation.

The project’s maximum TVOC level (TVOCmax) is then input into the TVOC scoring function to produce a TVOC score for the project.

The TVOC scoring function was developed based on the LEED TVOC limit of 500 µg/m3.

LEEDuser expert

Trista Little

LEED AP O+M, BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador

WSP USA
Senior Consultant

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