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LEED v4
Retail – Commercial Interiors
Indoor Environmental Quality

Daylight

LEED CREDIT

Retail-CI-v4 EQc7: Daylight 1-3 points

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SPECIAL REPORT

LEEDuser expert

TODD REED

7group / Energy Opportunities
Daylight Designer

SPECIAL REPORT

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Credit language

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To connect building occupants with the outdoors, reinforce circadian rhythms, and reduce the use of electrical lighting by introducing daylight into the space.

Requirements

Provide manual or automatic (with manual override) glare-control devices for all regularly occupied spaces.

Select one of the following three options.

Option 1. Simulation: Spatial Daylight Autonomy (2–3 points)

Demonstrate through annual computer simulations that spatial daylight autonomy300/50% (sDA300/50%) of at least 55%, 75%, or 90% is achieved. Use regularly occupied floor area. Points are awarded according to Table 1.

Table 1. Points for daylit floor area: Spatial daylight autonomy

CI, CI Retail, CI Hospitality
sDA (for regularly occupied floor area) Points
55% 2
75% 3

AND

Demonstrate through annual computer simulations that annual sunlight exposure1000,250 (ASE1000,250) of no more than 10% is achieved. Use the regularly occupied floor area that is daylit per the sDA300/50% simulations.

The sDA and ASE calculation grids should be no more than 2 feet (60 cm) square and laid out across the regularly occupied area at a work plane height of 30 inches (760 mm) above finished floor (unless otherwise defined). Use an hourly time-step analysis based on typical meteorological year data, or an equivalent, for the nearest available weather station.

Include any permanent interior obstructions and movable furniture and partitions.

Option 2. Simulation: Illuminance Calculations (1–2 points)

Demonstrate through computer modeling that illuminance levels will be between 300 lux and 3,000 lux for 9 a.m. and 3 p.m., both on a clear-sky day at the equinox, for the floor area indicated in Table 2. Use regularly occupied floor area.

Table 2. Points for daylit floor area: Illuminance calculation

CI, CI Retail, CI Hospitality
Percentage of regularly occupied floor area Points
75% 1
90% 2

Calculate illuminance intensity for sun (direct component) and sky (diffuse component) for clear-sky conditions as follows:

  • Use typical meteorological year data, or an equivalent, for the nearest available weather station.
  • Select one day within 15 days of September 21 and one day within 15 days of March 21 that represent the clearest sky condition.
  • Use the average of the hourly value for the two selected days.
  • Exclude blinds or shades from the model.

    Include any permanent interior obstructions and movable furniture and partitions.

    Option 3. Measurement (2-3 points, 1-2 points Healthcare)

    Achieve illuminance levels between 300 lux and 3,000 lux for the floor area indicated in Table 3.

    Table 3. Points for daylit floor area: Measurement

    NC, CS, Schools, Retail, Data Centers, Warehouses & Distribution Centers, Hospitality, CI Healthcare
    Percentage of regularly occupied floor area Points Percentage of perimeter floor area Points
    75 2 75 1
    90 3 90 2

    With furniture, fixtures, and equipment in place, measure illuminance levels as follows:

    • Measure at appropriate work plane height during any hour between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m.
    • Take one measurement in any regularly occupied month, and take a second as indicated in Table 4.
    • For spaces larger than 150 square feet (14 square meters), take measurements on a maximum 10 foot (3 meter) square grid.
    • For spaces 150 square feet (14 square meters) or smaller, take measurements on a maximum 3 foot (900 millimeters) square grid.
    Table 4. Timing of measurements for illuminance

    If first measurement is taken in … take second measurement in …
    January May-September
    February June-October
    March June-July, November-December
    April August-December
    May September-January
    June October-February
    July November-March
    August December-April
    September December-January, May-June
    October February-June
    November March-July
    December April-August
See all forum discussions about this credit »

What does it cost?

Cost estimates for this credit

On each BD+C v4 credit, LEEDuser offers the wisdom of a team of architects, engineers, cost estimators, and LEED experts with hundreds of LEED projects between then. They analyzed the sustainable design strategies associated with each LEED credit, but also to assign actual costs to those strategies.

Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

This information is also available in a full PDF download in The Cost of LEED v4 report.

Learn more about The Cost of LEED v4 »

Frequently asked questions

Is it possible to combine Options 1 and 2 for different spaces in the same building?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

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What spaces are considered regularly occupied and must be included in the calculations?

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If I’m pursuing Option 2 or 3, can I average the compliant square footage between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. for a space and use the average as the compliant square footage?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

What daylight simulation software can I use for LEED compliance?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Can I mix and match daylight analysis methods? What if one room meets the illuminance thresholds but not the ASE limit?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

My office space will have cubicles with high partitions. Should I include those in my model?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

What types of glare control are acceptable for this credit?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Do I actually need to submit the USGBC Daylight and Quality Views calculator?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Can electrochromic glazing qualify as a glare control device?

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Can I use Revit to document this credit?

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See all forum discussions about this credit »

Documentation toolkit

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LEEDuser expert

TODD REED

7group / Energy Opportunities
Daylight Designer

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USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To connect building occupants with the outdoors, reinforce circadian rhythms, and reduce the use of electrical lighting by introducing daylight into the space.

Requirements

Provide manual or automatic (with manual override) glare-control devices for all regularly occupied spaces.

Select one of the following three options.

Option 1. Simulation: Spatial Daylight Autonomy (2–3 points)

Demonstrate through annual computer simulations that spatial daylight autonomy300/50% (sDA300/50%) of at least 55%, 75%, or 90% is achieved. Use regularly occupied floor area. Points are awarded according to Table 1.

Table 1. Points for daylit floor area: Spatial daylight autonomy

CI, CI Retail, CI Hospitality
sDA (for regularly occupied floor area) Points
55% 2
75% 3

AND

Demonstrate through annual computer simulations that annual sunlight exposure1000,250 (ASE1000,250) of no more than 10% is achieved. Use the regularly occupied floor area that is daylit per the sDA300/50% simulations.

The sDA and ASE calculation grids should be no more than 2 feet (60 cm) square and laid out across the regularly occupied area at a work plane height of 30 inches (760 mm) above finished floor (unless otherwise defined). Use an hourly time-step analysis based on typical meteorological year data, or an equivalent, for the nearest available weather station.

Include any permanent interior obstructions and movable furniture and partitions.

Option 2. Simulation: Illuminance Calculations (1–2 points)

Demonstrate through computer modeling that illuminance levels will be between 300 lux and 3,000 lux for 9 a.m. and 3 p.m., both on a clear-sky day at the equinox, for the floor area indicated in Table 2. Use regularly occupied floor area.

Table 2. Points for daylit floor area: Illuminance calculation

CI, CI Retail, CI Hospitality
Percentage of regularly occupied floor area Points
75% 1
90% 2

Calculate illuminance intensity for sun (direct component) and sky (diffuse component) for clear-sky conditions as follows:

  • Use typical meteorological year data, or an equivalent, for the nearest available weather station.
  • Select one day within 15 days of September 21 and one day within 15 days of March 21 that represent the clearest sky condition.
  • Use the average of the hourly value for the two selected days.
  • Exclude blinds or shades from the model.

    Include any permanent interior obstructions and movable furniture and partitions.

    Option 3. Measurement (2-3 points, 1-2 points Healthcare)

    Achieve illuminance levels between 300 lux and 3,000 lux for the floor area indicated in Table 3.

    Table 3. Points for daylit floor area: Measurement

    NC, CS, Schools, Retail, Data Centers, Warehouses & Distribution Centers, Hospitality, CI Healthcare
    Percentage of regularly occupied floor area Points Percentage of perimeter floor area Points
    75 2 75 1
    90 3 90 2

    With furniture, fixtures, and equipment in place, measure illuminance levels as follows:

    • Measure at appropriate work plane height during any hour between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m.
    • Take one measurement in any regularly occupied month, and take a second as indicated in Table 4.
    • For spaces larger than 150 square feet (14 square meters), take measurements on a maximum 10 foot (3 meter) square grid.
    • For spaces 150 square feet (14 square meters) or smaller, take measurements on a maximum 3 foot (900 millimeters) square grid.
    Table 4. Timing of measurements for illuminance

    If first measurement is taken in … take second measurement in …
    January May-September
    February June-October
    March June-July, November-December
    April August-December
    May September-January
    June October-February
    July November-March
    August December-April
    September December-January, May-June
    October February-June
    November March-July
    December April-August

Cost estimates for this credit

On each BD+C v4 credit, LEEDuser offers the wisdom of a team of architects, engineers, cost estimators, and LEED experts with hundreds of LEED projects between then. They analyzed the sustainable design strategies associated with each LEED credit, but also to assign actual costs to those strategies.

Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

This information is also available in a full PDF download in The Cost of LEED v4 report.

Learn more about The Cost of LEED v4 »

In the end, LEED is all about documentation. LEEDuser’s Documentation Toolkit, for premium members only, saves you time and helps you avoid mistakes with:

  • Calculators to help assess credit compliance.
  • Tracking spreadsheets for materials purchases.
  • Spreadsheets and forms to give to subs and other team members.
  • Guidance documents on arcane LEED issues.
  • Sample templates to help guide your narratives and LEED Online submissions.
  • Examples of actual submissions from certified LEED projects.

Is it possible to combine Options 1 and 2 for different spaces in the same building?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

What spaces are considered regularly occupied and must be included in the calculations?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

If I’m pursuing Option 2 or 3, can I average the compliant square footage between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. for a space and use the average as the compliant square footage?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

What daylight simulation software can I use for LEED compliance?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Can I mix and match daylight analysis methods? What if one room meets the illuminance thresholds but not the ASE limit?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

My office space will have cubicles with high partitions. Should I include those in my model?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

What types of glare control are acceptable for this credit?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Do I actually need to submit the USGBC Daylight and Quality Views calculator?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Can electrochromic glazing qualify as a glare control device?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

Can I use Revit to document this credit?

The answer to this question is available to LEEDuser premium members. Start a free trial »

(If you're already a premium member, log in here.)

LEEDuser expert

TODD REED

7group / Energy Opportunities
Daylight Designer

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