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Designing with Nature, Biophilic Design for the Indoor Environment

LEED CREDIT

Pilot-Credits EQpc123: Designing with Nature, Biophilic Design for the Indoor Environment 1 point

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Credit language

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To support and improve human health, well-being, and productivity by providing and incorporating elements of nature in the indoor environment.

Requirements

Engage in the exploration of the biophilic design potential for the project and connecting people to the natural environment. The exploration must result in the development and implementation of a biophilic design plan that includes at least five distinct design strategies related to biophilic design.

The five design strategies must address at least one of the following criteria:

  • A. The project design provides regular access to Nature in the Space as defined in 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design (or Environmental Features, Light and space, Natural Patterns and Processes, as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life, Table 1-1).
  • B. The project design offers Natural Analogues as defined in 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design (or Natural Shapes and Forms as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life, Table 1-1).
  • C. The project design has spatial properties that align with the Nature of the Space as defined in 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design (or Evolved Human-nature Relationships as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life, Table 1-1).
  • D. The project uniquely connects people to the place, climate, and culture through Place-Based Relationships as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life.
  • E. The project creates sufficient opportunities for human-nature interactions within the building and within the project boundary, external to the building, creating an environment that ties the landscape and interior environments together.

For each design strategy, provide quantifiable metrics where possible and appropriate and describe your reasoning and/or research for determining the thresholds for achievement.

Examples

The following are examples of both qualitative and quantitative biophilic design strategies & precedents:

Nature in the Space (criteria a)

  1. Urban Public Park. The 20 foot high waterfall covering the north wall of Paley Park in New York City. (Non-visual connection with nature, Thermal and airflow variability, Non-rhythmic sensory stimuli).
  2. Office Building. Green walls and potted plants are incorporated into the design of interior spaces. Potted plants or planted beds cover approximately 1% of floor area per floor. A plant wall is included on each floor, covering a wall area of approximately 2% of the floor area. (Visual Connection with Nature)
  3. Multiple Project Types. A project provides a significant water feature that is 6 feet in height and 43 square feet in area and uses ultraviolet sanitation or other technology to address water safety. (Presence of Water, Visual and Non-Visual Connection with Nature, Access to Thermal Variability)
  4. Natural Analogs (criteria b)

  5. Office Building. The dendriform columns up to a sky lit ceiling in The Great Room of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Johnson Wax Building. (Biomorphic Forms and Patterns)
  6. Place of Worship. The wooden trusses and native flagstone floor surrounded with a rock wall at Thorncrown Chapel by E. Fay Jones (Material connection with nature, Complexity and order).
  7. Nature of the Space (criteria c)

  8. Multi-family Residential Building. A stoop, leading to the entrance of an apartment building that has a four foot minimum stoop height and is approximately six feet from the pedestrian sidewalk. (Prospect).
  9. Library. The 210 study carrels at Louis I. Kahn’s Exeter Library (Refuge).
  10. Place-based Relationships (criteria d)

  11. Residential Building. The climate-driven, hyper-adapted envelope design of the Marika-Alderton house in the Northern Territory, Australia by Glenn Murcutt. (Geographic connection to place, Integration of culture and ecology).
  12. Interior, Retail. A project highlights indigenous, natural materials in the floor and wall finishes of the entry space, circulation spaces, and employee break room. (Indigenous materials, Spirit of place)
  13. Sufficient opportunities for human-nature interactions (criteria e)

  14. Multiple Building Types. A large (25% of total site area), contiguous, landscaped site area was made accessible to building occupants. 70% of the landscaping consists of plantings, including tree canopies.

Documentation Requirements

General

Register for the pilot credit

Credits 116-125

Credit Specific
  • Biophilic Design Plan (narrative) that contains at least one of the five criteria and describes the five design strategies. Include the Biophilic Design classification (from 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design or Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life) for each design strategy. The Design with nature documentation template may be used.
  • Drawings (site plans, floor plans, sections, elevations) and/or photos/renderings calling out the biophilic design strategies that will be/were implemented on the project.
Exemplary Performance

Incorporate both indoor and outdoor strategies (at least six total). Implement these strategies in the project.

Changes
  • 4/26/2018 - original publication
See all forum discussions about this credit »

What does it cost?

Cost estimates for this credit

On each BD+C v4 credit, LEEDuser offers the wisdom of a team of architects, engineers, cost estimators, and LEED experts with hundreds of LEED projects between then. They analyzed the sustainable design strategies associated with each LEED credit, but also to assign actual costs to those strategies.

Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

This information is also available in a full PDF download in The Cost of LEED v4 report.

Learn more about The Cost of LEED v4 »

Documentation toolkit

The motherlode of cheat sheets

LEEDuser’s Documentation Toolkit is loaded with calculators to help assess credit compliance, tracking spreadsheets for materials, sample templates to help guide your narratives and LEED Online submissions, and examples of actual submissions from certified LEED projects for you to check your work against. To get your plaque, start with the right toolkit.

USGBC logo

© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intent

To support and improve human health, well-being, and productivity by providing and incorporating elements of nature in the indoor environment.

Requirements

Engage in the exploration of the biophilic design potential for the project and connecting people to the natural environment. The exploration must result in the development and implementation of a biophilic design plan that includes at least five distinct design strategies related to biophilic design.

The five design strategies must address at least one of the following criteria:

  • A. The project design provides regular access to Nature in the Space as defined in 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design (or Environmental Features, Light and space, Natural Patterns and Processes, as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life, Table 1-1).
  • B. The project design offers Natural Analogues as defined in 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design (or Natural Shapes and Forms as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life, Table 1-1).
  • C. The project design has spatial properties that align with the Nature of the Space as defined in 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design (or Evolved Human-nature Relationships as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life, Table 1-1).
  • D. The project uniquely connects people to the place, climate, and culture through Place-Based Relationships as defined in Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life.
  • E. The project creates sufficient opportunities for human-nature interactions within the building and within the project boundary, external to the building, creating an environment that ties the landscape and interior environments together.

For each design strategy, provide quantifiable metrics where possible and appropriate and describe your reasoning and/or research for determining the thresholds for achievement.

Examples

The following are examples of both qualitative and quantitative biophilic design strategies & precedents:

Nature in the Space (criteria a)

  1. Urban Public Park. The 20 foot high waterfall covering the north wall of Paley Park in New York City. (Non-visual connection with nature, Thermal and airflow variability, Non-rhythmic sensory stimuli).
  2. Office Building. Green walls and potted plants are incorporated into the design of interior spaces. Potted plants or planted beds cover approximately 1% of floor area per floor. A plant wall is included on each floor, covering a wall area of approximately 2% of the floor area. (Visual Connection with Nature)
  3. Multiple Project Types. A project provides a significant water feature that is 6 feet in height and 43 square feet in area and uses ultraviolet sanitation or other technology to address water safety. (Presence of Water, Visual and Non-Visual Connection with Nature, Access to Thermal Variability)
  4. Natural Analogs (criteria b)

  5. Office Building. The dendriform columns up to a sky lit ceiling in The Great Room of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Johnson Wax Building. (Biomorphic Forms and Patterns)
  6. Place of Worship. The wooden trusses and native flagstone floor surrounded with a rock wall at Thorncrown Chapel by E. Fay Jones (Material connection with nature, Complexity and order).
  7. Nature of the Space (criteria c)

  8. Multi-family Residential Building. A stoop, leading to the entrance of an apartment building that has a four foot minimum stoop height and is approximately six feet from the pedestrian sidewalk. (Prospect).
  9. Library. The 210 study carrels at Louis I. Kahn’s Exeter Library (Refuge).
  10. Place-based Relationships (criteria d)

  11. Residential Building. The climate-driven, hyper-adapted envelope design of the Marika-Alderton house in the Northern Territory, Australia by Glenn Murcutt. (Geographic connection to place, Integration of culture and ecology).
  12. Interior, Retail. A project highlights indigenous, natural materials in the floor and wall finishes of the entry space, circulation spaces, and employee break room. (Indigenous materials, Spirit of place)
  13. Sufficient opportunities for human-nature interactions (criteria e)

  14. Multiple Building Types. A large (25% of total site area), contiguous, landscaped site area was made accessible to building occupants. 70% of the landscaping consists of plantings, including tree canopies.

Documentation Requirements

General

Register for the pilot credit

Credits 116-125

Credit Specific
  • Biophilic Design Plan (narrative) that contains at least one of the five criteria and describes the five design strategies. Include the Biophilic Design classification (from 14 Patterns of Biophilic Design or Biophilic design: the theory, science and practice of bringing buildings to life) for each design strategy. The Design with nature documentation template may be used.
  • Drawings (site plans, floor plans, sections, elevations) and/or photos/renderings calling out the biophilic design strategies that will be/were implemented on the project.
Exemplary Performance

Incorporate both indoor and outdoor strategies (at least six total). Implement these strategies in the project.

Changes
  • 4/26/2018 - original publication
See all LEEDuser forum discussions about this credit » Subscribe to new discussions about Pilot-Credits EQpc123