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LEED v4
Existing Data Centers
Materials and Resources

Purchasing - facility maintenance and renovation

LEED CREDIT

Data-Centers-EBOM-v4 MRc3: Purchasing - facility maintenance and renovation 1-2 points

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© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Requirements

Establishment

None.

Performance

Option 1. products and materials (1 point)
Purchase at least 50%, by cost, of the total maintenance and renovation materials that meet at least one of the following criteria. Include products specified in Materials and Resources prerequisite: Facility Maintenance and Renovation Policy. There is no minimum scope of renovation or new construction work required for eligibility of this credit. Each purchase can receive credit for each criterion met.
  • Recycled content. Recycled content is the sum of postconsumer recycled content plus one-half the preconsumer recycled content.
  • Wood products. Wood products must be certified by the Forest Stewardship Council or USGBC-approved equivalent.
  • Bio-based materials. Bio-based products must meet the Sustainable Agriculture Network’s Sustainable Agriculture Standard. Bio-based raw materials must be tested using ASTM Test Method D6866 and be legally harvested, as defined by the exporting and receiving country. Exclude hide products, such as leather and other animal skin material.
  • Materials reuse. Reuse includes salvaged, refurbished, or reused products.
  • Extended producer responsibility. Products purchased from a manufacturer (producer) that participates in an extended producer responsibility program or is directly responsible for extended producer responsibility. Products valued at 50% of their cost.
  • GreenScreen v1.2 Benchmark. Products that have fully inventoried chemical ingredients to 100 ppm that have no Benchmark 1 hazards.
    • If any ingredients are assessed with the GreenScreen List Translator, value these products at 100% of cost.
    • If all ingredients are have undergone a full GreenScreen Assessment, value these products at 150% of cost.
  • Cradle to Cradle Certified. End use products are certified Cradle to Cradle. Products will be valued as follows:
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Gold: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Platinum: 150% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Silver: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Gold or Platinum: 150% of cost
  • International Alternative Compliance Path – REACH Optimization. End use products and materials that do not contain substances that meet REACH criteria for substances of very high concern. If the product contains no ingredients listed on the REACH Authorization or Candidate list, value at 100% of cost.
  • Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization. Use building products that:
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers who engage in validated and robust safety, health, hazard, and risk programs which at a minimum document at least 99% (by weight) of the ingredients used to make the building product or building material, and
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers with independent third party verification of their supply chain that at a minimum verifies:
      • Processes are in place to communicate and transparently prioritize chemical ingredients along the supply chain according to available hazard, exposure and use information to identify those that require more detailed evaluation
      • Processes are in place to identify, document, and communicate information on health, safety and environmental characteristics of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to implement measures to manage the health, safety and environmental hazard and risk of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to optimize health, safety and environmental impacts when designing and improving chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to communicate, receive and evaluate chemical ingredient safety and stewardship information along the supply chain
      • Safety and stewardship information about the chemical ingredients is publicly available from all points along the supply chain
  • Low emissions of volatile organic compounds. The following products must either be inherently nonemitting or be tested and determined compliant in accordance with California Department of Public Health Standard Method V1.1–2010, using the applicable exposure scenario. The default scenario is the private office scenario; classroom furniture may use the school classroom scenario. Both first-party and third-party statements of product compliance must follow the guidelines in CDPH SM V1.1–2010, Section 8. Organizations that certify manufacturers’ claims must be accredited under ISO Guide 65. Laboratories that conduct the tests must be accredited under ISO/IEC 17025 for the test methods they use. Projects outside the United States may use (1) the CDPH standard method or (2) the German AgBB Testing and Evaluation Scheme (2010). Test products either with (1) ISO 16000-3: 2010, ISO 16000-6: 2011, ISO 16000-9: 2006, ISO 16000-11:2006, or (2) the DIBt testing method (2010). U.S. projects must follow the CDPH standard method.
    • thermal and acoustic insulation
    • flooring materials and finishes
    • ceiling materials and finishes
    • wall materials and finishes
  • VOC content requirements for wet-applied products. In addition to meeting the general requirements for VOC emissions (above), on-site wet-applied products must not contain excessive levels of VOCs, for the health of the installers and other tradesworkers who are exposed to these products. To demonstrate compliance, a product or layer must meet the following requirements, as applicable. Disclosure of VOC content must be made by the manufacturer. Any testing must follow the test method specified in the applicable regulation.
    • All paints and coatings wet-applied on site must meet the applicable VOC limits of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) 2007, Suggested Control Measure (SCM) for Architectural Coatings, or the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1113, effective June 3, 2011.
    • All adhesives and sealants wet-applied on site must meet the applicable chemical content requirements of SCAQMD Rule 1168, July 1, 2005, Adhesive and Sealant Applications, as analyzed by the methods specified in Rule 1168. The provisions of SCAQMD Rule 1168 do not apply to adhesives and sealants subject to state or federal consumer product VOC regulations.
    • For projects outside North America, all paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants wet-applied on site must either meet the technical requirements of the above regulations, or comply with applicable national VOC control regulations, such as the European Decopaint Directive (2004/42/EC), the Canadian VOC Concentration Limits for Architectural Coatings, or the Hong Kong Air Pollution Control (VOC) Regulation.
    • If the applicable regulation requires subtraction of exempt compounds, any content of intentionally added exempt compounds larger than 1% weight by mass (total exempt compounds) must be disclosed.
    • If a product cannot reasonably be tested as specified above, testing of VOC content must comply with ASTM D2369-10; ISO 11890, part 1; ASTM D6886-03; or ISO 11890-2.
    • For projects in North America, methylene chloride and perchloroethylene may not be intentionally added in paints, coatings, adhesives, or sealants.
  • Low emissions of formadehyde. Built-in cabinetry and architectural millwork containing composite woods must be constructed from materials documented to have low formaldehyde emissions that meet the California Air Resources Board requirements for ultra-low-emitting formaldehyde (ULEF) resins or no-added formaldehyde based resins. Salvaged and reused architectural millwork more than one year old at the time of occupancy is considered compliant, provided it meets the requirements for any site-applied paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants.
  • USGBC approved program. Other USGBC approved programs meeting leadership extraction criteria.
For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, and purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at 200% of their base contributing cost.

Pilot Alternative Compliance Path Available

The following pilot alternative compliance paths is available for this credit. See the pilot credit library for more information. MRpc102 - Legal Wood

AND/OR

Option 2. furniture (1 point)
Purchase at least 75%, by cost, of total furniture and furnishings that meet one or more of the following criteria. Each purchase can receive credit for each criterion met.
  • Recycled content. Recycled content is the sum of postconsumer recycled content plus one-half the preconsumer recycled content, based on cost. The recycled content value of an assembly is determined by weight. The recycled fraction is multiplied by the cost of the assembly to determine the recycled cost value.
  • Wood products. Wood products must be certified by the Forest Stewardship Council or USGBC-approved equivalent.
  • Bio-based materials. Bio-based products must meet the Sustainable Agriculture Network’s Sustainable Agriculture Standard. Bio-based raw materials must be tested using ASTM Test Method D6866 and be legally harvested, as defined by the exporting and receiving country. Exclude hide products, such as leather and other animal skin material.
  • Materials reuse. Reuse includes salvaged, refurbished, or reused products.
  • Extended producer responsibility. Products purchased from a manufacturer (producer) that participates in an extended producer responsibility program or is directly responsible for extended producer responsibility. Products valued at 50% of their cost.
  • GreenScreen v1.2 Benchmark. Products that have fully inventoried chemical ingredients to 100 ppm that have no Benchmark 1 hazards.
    • If any ingredients are assessed with the GreenScreen List Translator, value these products at 100% of cost.
    • If all ingredients are have undergone a full GreenScreen Assessment, value these products at 150% of cost.
  • Cradle to Cradle Certified. End use products are certified Cradle to Cradle. Products will be valued as follows:
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Gold: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Platinum: 150% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Silver: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Gold or Platinum: 150% of cost
  • International Alternative Compliance Path – REACH Optimization. End use products and materials that do not contain substances that meet REACH criteria for substances of very high concern. If the product contains no ingredients listed on the REACH Authorization or Candidate list, value at 100% of cost.
  • Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization. Use building products that:
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers who engage in validated and robust safety, health, hazard, and risk programs which at a minimum document at least 99% (by weight) of the ingredients used to make the building product or building material, and
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers with independent third party verification of their supply chain that at a minimum verifies:
      • Processes are in place to communicate and transparently prioritize chemical ingredients along the supply chain according to available hazard, exposure and use information to identify those that require more detailed evaluation
      • Processes are in place to identify, document, and communicate information on health, safety and environmental characteristics of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to implement measures to manage the health, safety and environmental hazard and risk of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to optimize health, safety and environmental impacts when designing and improving chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to communicate, receive and evaluate chemical ingredient safety and stewardship information along the supply chain
      • Safety and stewardship information about the chemical ingredients is publicly available from all points along the supply chain
  • Low emissions of volatile organic compounds. Products must have been tested, following ANSI/BIFMA Standard Method M7.1–2011, and must comply with ANSI/BIFMA e3-2011 Furniture Sustainability Standard, Sections 7.6.1 (valued at 50% cost) or 7.6.2 (valued at 100% cost), using either the concentration modeling approach or the emissions factor approach. For classroom furniture, use the standard school classroom model in CDPH Standard Method v1.1. Salvaged and reused furniture more than one year old at the time of use is considered compliant, provided it meets the requirements for any site-applied paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants.
  • USGBC approved program. Other USGBC approved programs meeting leadership extraction criteria.
For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at 200% of their base contributing cost.

Pilot Alternative Compliance Path Available

The following pilot alternative compliance paths is available for this credit. See the pilot credit library for more information. MRpc102 - Legal Wood

OR

Option 3. no alterations or furniture purchasing (1 point)
Make no alterations to the project space and do not purchase any furniture. See all forum discussions about this credit »

What does it cost?

Cost estimates for this credit

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Our tab contains overall cost guidance, notes on what “soft costs” to expect, and a strategy-by-strategy breakdown of what to consider and what it might cost, in percentage premiums, actual costs, or both.

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Frequently asked questions

If my product meets more than one of the sustainability criteria, can it be double counted in the calculations?

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So does any facility maintenance activity count for this credit now? What about if we only painted a room?

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See all forum discussions about this credit »

Addenda

10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Add the following definitions, in alphabetical order:
Building product manufacturer: Any company making an product for incorporation into the project that would arrive at the job site.
Business unit: A logical segment of a company that represents a specific operational function or production of a product type. Also called department, division, or a functional area.
Component: Uniquely identifiable input, part, element, piece, assembly or subassembly, system or subsystem, that (1) is required to complete or finish an activity, item, or job, (2) performs a distinctive and necessary function in the operation of a system, or (3) is intended to be included as a part of a finished, packaged, and labeled product. Components are usually removable in one piece and are considered indivisible for a particular purpose or use. Commonly, items of very small or insignificant cost are not considered components.
Facility: one or more buildings or locations, or part of a building, that it is clearly delineated in the EMS and includes all process associated with the relevant building product (in the case of a Building Product Manufacturer) or ingredient or component (in the case of a supplier to the building product manufacturer).
First-tier supplier: Any company providing components or ingredients directly to a building product manufacturer.
Green chemistry: The design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances (Anastas, P. T. and Warner, J. C. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press: New York, 1998, p. 30).
Green engineering: The development and commercialization of industrial processes that are economically feasible and reduce the risk to human health and the environment (Anastas, P.T., and Zimmerman, J.B., "Design through the Twelve Principles of Green Engineering", Env. Sci. Tech. 2003, 37(5), 94A-101A).
Ingredient: A substance or single constituent of fixed composition, characterized by its molecular structure(s) used to make a compound, mixture, or finished product. Ingredients can be active (help directly in achieving a performance objective(s)) or inert (facilitate acceptance, application, stability, handling or marketing of the product, or delivery of the active ingredients). Ingredients typically have an associate CAS RN (and may also have synonym CAS RNs).
Optimization: Developing a product or process with the highest achievable combination of functional performance, cost, and positive social, environmental, and health impacts by maximizing desired factors and minimizing undesired ones. For the purposes of LEED’s Material Ingredients credit “optimization” implies giving human and environmental health higher priority among the multiple factors than is typically the case.
Second-tier supplier: A supplier providing ingredients to another supplier that end up in the product being considered by the building product manufacturer.


Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Table 2. GHS Hazard Criteria by Endpoint for Option 3 Screening














































































Endpoint




If a substance falls into this category, it fails the minimum requirements hazard criteria and is “flagged”/does not pass





If a substances falls into this category, it fails the Enhanced Achievement Option Hazard Criteria (see Section 3 and Note 3)




Carcinogenicity (C)




Category 1 (1A, 1B)




Category 2




Mutagenicity & Genotoxicity (M)




Category 1 (1A, 1B)




Category 2




Reproductive Toxicity (R)




Category 1 (1A, 1B)




Category 2




Acute Mammalian Toxicity (AT) (oral, dermal, and inhalation routes)




Category 1,2,3




-




Systemic Toxicity & Organ Effects (ST‐single exposure)




Category 1




-




Skin Irritation (IrS)




Category 1 (1A, 1B, 1C)




Category 2




Eye Irritation (IrE)




Category 1 or 2A




-




Aspiration Hazard





Category 1




-




Systemic Toxicity & Organ Effects* Repeated Exposure sub‐endpoint (ST‐repeat)




Category 1




Category 2




Skin Sensitization (SnS)




Category 1A




-




Respiratory Sensitization (SnR)




Category 1A




-




Acute hazards to the aquatic environment (note 1)




Category 1 or 2 (note 1a)




-




Chronic hazards to the aquatic environment (note 1)





Category 1 or 2 (note 1b)





-




Note 1: For the purposes of this option, USGBC has mapped the GHS Hazard Categorizations to low, moderate, high, and very high. Persistence and bioaccumulation characteristics are factored into the aquatic environment hazards endpoints. As an alternative, if GHS categorizations for the aquatic endpoints are not available and specific empirical science is also not available, then the online PBT Profiler (http://www.pbtprofiler.net/) can be used to determine if the substance falls within the associated GHS categories:

Note 1a: If the fish chronic value (ChV) in the PBT Profiler (or more appropriate metric, as approved by the auditor) is less than 10 mg/L the substance is screened as having a Category 1 or 2 Acute Hazard GHS classification.

Note 1b: If the fish chronic value (ChV) in the PBT Profiler is less than 0.1 mg/L the substance is screened as having a Category 1 or 2 Chronic Hazard GHS classification.

Note 2: In general, this table establishes GHS Category criteria for each endpoint so that chemicals with only "low" or "moderate" hazard classifications for each endpoint pass the rapid hazard screening criteria. The exception is skin irritation, where chemicals characterized as GHS Category 2 (defined as “skin irritation, reversible adverse effects in dermal tissue”) will pass through the screen at the base level of achievement.

Note 3: For Enhanced Achievement in the Rapid Hazard Screen, in addition to the Base Level of Achievement, the inclusion of GHS Category 2 for the Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, and Reproductive Toxicity (“CMR”), and Systemic Toxicity & Organ Effects Repeated Exposure sub‐endpoint (ST‐repeat) endpoints allows only chemicals with a “low" hazard condition to pass through the screen. Under GHS language, GHS Category 2 chemicals in one or more CMR endpoints show evidence of having the specific hazard characteristic to be “suspected” of being carcinogenic, etc. This is in contrast to chemicals that are GHS Category 1A or 1B for one or more of the CMR endpoints, which indicate higher hazard evidence that the chemical is a “known” or “presumed" carcinogen, etc.

Similarly, the Enhanced Achievement Criteria adds GHS Category 2 for Skin Irritation as a trigger for further action in addition to CMR endpoints. To receive Enhanced Achievement Credit via the Rapid Hazard Screen, only chemicals showing evidence of moderate or low hazard for Skin Irritation (GHS Category 3) will pass the Enhanced Achievement Rapid Hazard Screening Criteria.

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Add the following to the section, in alphabetical order:
ChemStewards Integrated Management System
http://www.socma.com/chemStewards/?subsec=478
GHS: Globally Harmonized System. A Guide to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling, also known as the ‘Purple Book”; most current version https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html
ISO 14001:2004 Environmental Management Systems http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/management-standards/iso14000.htm or most current version
OHSAS 18001:2007
http://www.ohsas-18001-occupational-health-and-safety.com/ or most current version
Responsible Care RC-14001 program
http://responsiblecare.americanchemistry.com/

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Add the following section under "Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization" section:

Calculation Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization
Use the following equation for Option 3 Supply Chain Optimization (see Further Explanation, Supply Chain Optimization). Products that meet the requirements of Option 3, as outlined below, contribute toward earning LEED credit at 100% of the product cost. To encourage actions beyond those minimum requirements, additional credit can be earned in a number of ways.
Equation 2 Percentage Supply Chain Optimization of compliant materials cost.
% of materials cost = {〖product cost〗_1 (criterion val.factor)(supply chain depth factor)(location val.factor)} + {〖product cost〗_2 (criterion val.factor)(supply chain depth factor)(location val.factor)} + ⋯ X100 / Cost of all permanently installed products
where:
Criteria valuation factor = multiplier assigned to number of enhanced achievement measures
100% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements are met.
150% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements plus:
Inventory and screening performed to 99.9% level
OR
Use GHS Category 2 criteria for hazard screening for carcinogens, mutagens, reproductive toxicants, and skin irritants for determining which ingredients are subject to management, reporting, and optimization (the basic requirement stops at GHS Category 1 for these endpoints). See Table 1.
OR
The building product manufacturer shall require either self-declared or third-party validated environmental management and health & safety management systems as described in the requirements in Section 4 for ALL ingredients up to the 99% threshold, not just those that fail the initial hazard screen. If the building product manufacturer is also seeking extra credit in the Supply Chain Depth factor, this would also apply to all ingredients at the additional tier or tiers.
The building product manufacturer shall document substitution or elimination of at least one ingredient that was flagged in the hazard screening process. Where substitution occurs, manufacturer shall take action based on that alternatives assessment such that the hazard is no longer flagged at the Enhanced Achievement hazard Criteria level (table 1) in place of the original ingredient.
200% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements are met plus any two of the four above options.

Supply chain depth factor = multiplier assigned to level of supply chain engagement
100% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements are met.
150% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements plus one of these two:
The building product manufacturer has met the Option 3 minimum requirements for the entire business unit or company.
OR
All tier 2 suppliers have documented processes in place as described for tier 1 suppliers. This multiplier is not available to products with only tier 1 suppliers in their supply chain.
200% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements plus:
All suppliers in the supply chain of the product have documented processes in place as described for tier 1 suppliers. This multiplier is not available to products with only tier 1 and tier 2 suppliers in their supply chain.
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Form Update
Description of change:
Revised location valuation factor calculations to specify that the entire product meets local criteria.
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Table 1. Example calculation for multiple criteria
In 4th column labeled "Contributing value" change the row for "Extended producer responsibility" from "2,000" to ".5 X $2,000 = $1,000", change the total from "$5,200" to "4,200".
In the 2nd column labeled” Criterion” change the row for “Recycled content (60%) to “Postconsumer recycled content.” In the same column, change the row for “Cradle-to-Cradle v2 certified” to “Cradle-to-Cradle v2 Gold”
Also, under the table change the instance of the value "$5,200" to "4,200".
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
7/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Rating System Correction
Description of change:
Change first sentence in last paragraph to read "For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, and purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at..."
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
7/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Change first sentence in last paragraph to read "For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, and purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at..."
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
In the last sentence of the third paragraph, replace "also" with "not" so that the sentence reads: "Projects in the U.S. may not use this alternative compliance path."
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014
LEED Interpretation
Inquiry:

Can Cradle to Cradle certified products use the Material Health score to meet the credit requirements for Option 2 in the Material Ingredients credit instead of the overall score for the product (including energy, water, etc.)?

Ruling:

Yes, products that have received a full C2C certification may use the score for the material health category to document Option 2 of the Material Ingredients credit. The value for the material health score follows the same levels as a full product certification (C2C v2 Gold valued at 100%, platinum at 150%; C2C v3 Silver – 100%, Gold and Platinum - 150%).

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
See all forum discussions about this credit »

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Requirements

Establishment

None.

Performance

Option 1. products and materials (1 point)
Purchase at least 50%, by cost, of the total maintenance and renovation materials that meet at least one of the following criteria. Include products specified in Materials and Resources prerequisite: Facility Maintenance and Renovation Policy. There is no minimum scope of renovation or new construction work required for eligibility of this credit. Each purchase can receive credit for each criterion met.
  • Recycled content. Recycled content is the sum of postconsumer recycled content plus one-half the preconsumer recycled content.
  • Wood products. Wood products must be certified by the Forest Stewardship Council or USGBC-approved equivalent.
  • Bio-based materials. Bio-based products must meet the Sustainable Agriculture Network’s Sustainable Agriculture Standard. Bio-based raw materials must be tested using ASTM Test Method D6866 and be legally harvested, as defined by the exporting and receiving country. Exclude hide products, such as leather and other animal skin material.
  • Materials reuse. Reuse includes salvaged, refurbished, or reused products.
  • Extended producer responsibility. Products purchased from a manufacturer (producer) that participates in an extended producer responsibility program or is directly responsible for extended producer responsibility. Products valued at 50% of their cost.
  • GreenScreen v1.2 Benchmark. Products that have fully inventoried chemical ingredients to 100 ppm that have no Benchmark 1 hazards.
    • If any ingredients are assessed with the GreenScreen List Translator, value these products at 100% of cost.
    • If all ingredients are have undergone a full GreenScreen Assessment, value these products at 150% of cost.
  • Cradle to Cradle Certified. End use products are certified Cradle to Cradle. Products will be valued as follows:
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Gold: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Platinum: 150% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Silver: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Gold or Platinum: 150% of cost
  • International Alternative Compliance Path – REACH Optimization. End use products and materials that do not contain substances that meet REACH criteria for substances of very high concern. If the product contains no ingredients listed on the REACH Authorization or Candidate list, value at 100% of cost.
  • Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization. Use building products that:
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers who engage in validated and robust safety, health, hazard, and risk programs which at a minimum document at least 99% (by weight) of the ingredients used to make the building product or building material, and
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers with independent third party verification of their supply chain that at a minimum verifies:
      • Processes are in place to communicate and transparently prioritize chemical ingredients along the supply chain according to available hazard, exposure and use information to identify those that require more detailed evaluation
      • Processes are in place to identify, document, and communicate information on health, safety and environmental characteristics of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to implement measures to manage the health, safety and environmental hazard and risk of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to optimize health, safety and environmental impacts when designing and improving chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to communicate, receive and evaluate chemical ingredient safety and stewardship information along the supply chain
      • Safety and stewardship information about the chemical ingredients is publicly available from all points along the supply chain
  • Low emissions of volatile organic compounds. The following products must either be inherently nonemitting or be tested and determined compliant in accordance with California Department of Public Health Standard Method V1.1–2010, using the applicable exposure scenario. The default scenario is the private office scenario; classroom furniture may use the school classroom scenario. Both first-party and third-party statements of product compliance must follow the guidelines in CDPH SM V1.1–2010, Section 8. Organizations that certify manufacturers’ claims must be accredited under ISO Guide 65. Laboratories that conduct the tests must be accredited under ISO/IEC 17025 for the test methods they use. Projects outside the United States may use (1) the CDPH standard method or (2) the German AgBB Testing and Evaluation Scheme (2010). Test products either with (1) ISO 16000-3: 2010, ISO 16000-6: 2011, ISO 16000-9: 2006, ISO 16000-11:2006, or (2) the DIBt testing method (2010). U.S. projects must follow the CDPH standard method.
    • thermal and acoustic insulation
    • flooring materials and finishes
    • ceiling materials and finishes
    • wall materials and finishes
  • VOC content requirements for wet-applied products. In addition to meeting the general requirements for VOC emissions (above), on-site wet-applied products must not contain excessive levels of VOCs, for the health of the installers and other tradesworkers who are exposed to these products. To demonstrate compliance, a product or layer must meet the following requirements, as applicable. Disclosure of VOC content must be made by the manufacturer. Any testing must follow the test method specified in the applicable regulation.
    • All paints and coatings wet-applied on site must meet the applicable VOC limits of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) 2007, Suggested Control Measure (SCM) for Architectural Coatings, or the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 1113, effective June 3, 2011.
    • All adhesives and sealants wet-applied on site must meet the applicable chemical content requirements of SCAQMD Rule 1168, July 1, 2005, Adhesive and Sealant Applications, as analyzed by the methods specified in Rule 1168. The provisions of SCAQMD Rule 1168 do not apply to adhesives and sealants subject to state or federal consumer product VOC regulations.
    • For projects outside North America, all paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants wet-applied on site must either meet the technical requirements of the above regulations, or comply with applicable national VOC control regulations, such as the European Decopaint Directive (2004/42/EC), the Canadian VOC Concentration Limits for Architectural Coatings, or the Hong Kong Air Pollution Control (VOC) Regulation.
    • If the applicable regulation requires subtraction of exempt compounds, any content of intentionally added exempt compounds larger than 1% weight by mass (total exempt compounds) must be disclosed.
    • If a product cannot reasonably be tested as specified above, testing of VOC content must comply with ASTM D2369-10; ISO 11890, part 1; ASTM D6886-03; or ISO 11890-2.
    • For projects in North America, methylene chloride and perchloroethylene may not be intentionally added in paints, coatings, adhesives, or sealants.
  • Low emissions of formadehyde. Built-in cabinetry and architectural millwork containing composite woods must be constructed from materials documented to have low formaldehyde emissions that meet the California Air Resources Board requirements for ultra-low-emitting formaldehyde (ULEF) resins or no-added formaldehyde based resins. Salvaged and reused architectural millwork more than one year old at the time of occupancy is considered compliant, provided it meets the requirements for any site-applied paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants.
  • USGBC approved program. Other USGBC approved programs meeting leadership extraction criteria.
For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, and purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at 200% of their base contributing cost.

Pilot Alternative Compliance Path Available

The following pilot alternative compliance paths is available for this credit. See the pilot credit library for more information. MRpc102 - Legal Wood

AND/OR

Option 2. furniture (1 point)
Purchase at least 75%, by cost, of total furniture and furnishings that meet one or more of the following criteria. Each purchase can receive credit for each criterion met.
  • Recycled content. Recycled content is the sum of postconsumer recycled content plus one-half the preconsumer recycled content, based on cost. The recycled content value of an assembly is determined by weight. The recycled fraction is multiplied by the cost of the assembly to determine the recycled cost value.
  • Wood products. Wood products must be certified by the Forest Stewardship Council or USGBC-approved equivalent.
  • Bio-based materials. Bio-based products must meet the Sustainable Agriculture Network’s Sustainable Agriculture Standard. Bio-based raw materials must be tested using ASTM Test Method D6866 and be legally harvested, as defined by the exporting and receiving country. Exclude hide products, such as leather and other animal skin material.
  • Materials reuse. Reuse includes salvaged, refurbished, or reused products.
  • Extended producer responsibility. Products purchased from a manufacturer (producer) that participates in an extended producer responsibility program or is directly responsible for extended producer responsibility. Products valued at 50% of their cost.
  • GreenScreen v1.2 Benchmark. Products that have fully inventoried chemical ingredients to 100 ppm that have no Benchmark 1 hazards.
    • If any ingredients are assessed with the GreenScreen List Translator, value these products at 100% of cost.
    • If all ingredients are have undergone a full GreenScreen Assessment, value these products at 150% of cost.
  • Cradle to Cradle Certified. End use products are certified Cradle to Cradle. Products will be valued as follows:
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Gold: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v2 Platinum: 150% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Silver: 100% of cost
    • Cradle to Cradle v3 Gold or Platinum: 150% of cost
  • International Alternative Compliance Path – REACH Optimization. End use products and materials that do not contain substances that meet REACH criteria for substances of very high concern. If the product contains no ingredients listed on the REACH Authorization or Candidate list, value at 100% of cost.
  • Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization. Use building products that:
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers who engage in validated and robust safety, health, hazard, and risk programs which at a minimum document at least 99% (by weight) of the ingredients used to make the building product or building material, and
    • Are sourced from product manufacturers with independent third party verification of their supply chain that at a minimum verifies:
      • Processes are in place to communicate and transparently prioritize chemical ingredients along the supply chain according to available hazard, exposure and use information to identify those that require more detailed evaluation
      • Processes are in place to identify, document, and communicate information on health, safety and environmental characteristics of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to implement measures to manage the health, safety and environmental hazard and risk of chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to optimize health, safety and environmental impacts when designing and improving chemical ingredients
      • Processes are in place to communicate, receive and evaluate chemical ingredient safety and stewardship information along the supply chain
      • Safety and stewardship information about the chemical ingredients is publicly available from all points along the supply chain
  • Low emissions of volatile organic compounds. Products must have been tested, following ANSI/BIFMA Standard Method M7.1–2011, and must comply with ANSI/BIFMA e3-2011 Furniture Sustainability Standard, Sections 7.6.1 (valued at 50% cost) or 7.6.2 (valued at 100% cost), using either the concentration modeling approach or the emissions factor approach. For classroom furniture, use the standard school classroom model in CDPH Standard Method v1.1. Salvaged and reused furniture more than one year old at the time of use is considered compliant, provided it meets the requirements for any site-applied paints, coatings, adhesives, and sealants.
  • USGBC approved program. Other USGBC approved programs meeting leadership extraction criteria.
For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at 200% of their base contributing cost.

Pilot Alternative Compliance Path Available

The following pilot alternative compliance paths is available for this credit. See the pilot credit library for more information. MRpc102 - Legal Wood

OR

Option 3. no alterations or furniture purchasing (1 point)
Make no alterations to the project space and do not purchase any furniture.

In the end, LEED is all about documentation. LEEDuser’s Documentation Toolkit, for premium members only, saves you time and helps you avoid mistakes with:

  • Calculators to help assess credit compliance.
  • Tracking spreadsheets for materials purchases.
  • Spreadsheets and forms to give to subs and other team members.
  • Guidance documents on arcane LEED issues.
  • Sample templates to help guide your narratives and LEED Online submissions.
  • Examples of actual submissions from certified LEED projects.

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10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Add the following definitions, in alphabetical order:
Building product manufacturer: Any company making an product for incorporation into the project that would arrive at the job site.
Business unit: A logical segment of a company that represents a specific operational function or production of a product type. Also called department, division, or a functional area.
Component: Uniquely identifiable input, part, element, piece, assembly or subassembly, system or subsystem, that (1) is required to complete or finish an activity, item, or job, (2) performs a distinctive and necessary function in the operation of a system, or (3) is intended to be included as a part of a finished, packaged, and labeled product. Components are usually removable in one piece and are considered indivisible for a particular purpose or use. Commonly, items of very small or insignificant cost are not considered components.
Facility: one or more buildings or locations, or part of a building, that it is clearly delineated in the EMS and includes all process associated with the relevant building product (in the case of a Building Product Manufacturer) or ingredient or component (in the case of a supplier to the building product manufacturer).
First-tier supplier: Any company providing components or ingredients directly to a building product manufacturer.
Green chemistry: The design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances (Anastas, P. T. and Warner, J. C. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press: New York, 1998, p. 30).
Green engineering: The development and commercialization of industrial processes that are economically feasible and reduce the risk to human health and the environment (Anastas, P.T., and Zimmerman, J.B., "Design through the Twelve Principles of Green Engineering", Env. Sci. Tech. 2003, 37(5), 94A-101A).
Ingredient: A substance or single constituent of fixed composition, characterized by its molecular structure(s) used to make a compound, mixture, or finished product. Ingredients can be active (help directly in achieving a performance objective(s)) or inert (facilitate acceptance, application, stability, handling or marketing of the product, or delivery of the active ingredients). Ingredients typically have an associate CAS RN (and may also have synonym CAS RNs).
Optimization: Developing a product or process with the highest achievable combination of functional performance, cost, and positive social, environmental, and health impacts by maximizing desired factors and minimizing undesired ones. For the purposes of LEED’s Material Ingredients credit “optimization” implies giving human and environmental health higher priority among the multiple factors than is typically the case.
Second-tier supplier: A supplier providing ingredients to another supplier that end up in the product being considered by the building product manufacturer.


Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Table 2. GHS Hazard Criteria by Endpoint for Option 3 Screening














































































Endpoint




If a substance falls into this category, it fails the minimum requirements hazard criteria and is “flagged”/does not pass





If a substances falls into this category, it fails the Enhanced Achievement Option Hazard Criteria (see Section 3 and Note 3)




Carcinogenicity (C)




Category 1 (1A, 1B)




Category 2




Mutagenicity & Genotoxicity (M)




Category 1 (1A, 1B)




Category 2




Reproductive Toxicity (R)




Category 1 (1A, 1B)




Category 2




Acute Mammalian Toxicity (AT) (oral, dermal, and inhalation routes)




Category 1,2,3




-




Systemic Toxicity & Organ Effects (ST‐single exposure)




Category 1




-




Skin Irritation (IrS)




Category 1 (1A, 1B, 1C)




Category 2




Eye Irritation (IrE)




Category 1 or 2A




-




Aspiration Hazard





Category 1




-




Systemic Toxicity & Organ Effects* Repeated Exposure sub‐endpoint (ST‐repeat)




Category 1




Category 2




Skin Sensitization (SnS)




Category 1A




-




Respiratory Sensitization (SnR)




Category 1A




-




Acute hazards to the aquatic environment (note 1)




Category 1 or 2 (note 1a)




-




Chronic hazards to the aquatic environment (note 1)





Category 1 or 2 (note 1b)





-




Note 1: For the purposes of this option, USGBC has mapped the GHS Hazard Categorizations to low, moderate, high, and very high. Persistence and bioaccumulation characteristics are factored into the aquatic environment hazards endpoints. As an alternative, if GHS categorizations for the aquatic endpoints are not available and specific empirical science is also not available, then the online PBT Profiler (http://www.pbtprofiler.net/) can be used to determine if the substance falls within the associated GHS categories:

Note 1a: If the fish chronic value (ChV) in the PBT Profiler (or more appropriate metric, as approved by the auditor) is less than 10 mg/L the substance is screened as having a Category 1 or 2 Acute Hazard GHS classification.

Note 1b: If the fish chronic value (ChV) in the PBT Profiler is less than 0.1 mg/L the substance is screened as having a Category 1 or 2 Chronic Hazard GHS classification.

Note 2: In general, this table establishes GHS Category criteria for each endpoint so that chemicals with only "low" or "moderate" hazard classifications for each endpoint pass the rapid hazard screening criteria. The exception is skin irritation, where chemicals characterized as GHS Category 2 (defined as “skin irritation, reversible adverse effects in dermal tissue”) will pass through the screen at the base level of achievement.

Note 3: For Enhanced Achievement in the Rapid Hazard Screen, in addition to the Base Level of Achievement, the inclusion of GHS Category 2 for the Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, and Reproductive Toxicity (“CMR”), and Systemic Toxicity & Organ Effects Repeated Exposure sub‐endpoint (ST‐repeat) endpoints allows only chemicals with a “low" hazard condition to pass through the screen. Under GHS language, GHS Category 2 chemicals in one or more CMR endpoints show evidence of having the specific hazard characteristic to be “suspected” of being carcinogenic, etc. This is in contrast to chemicals that are GHS Category 1A or 1B for one or more of the CMR endpoints, which indicate higher hazard evidence that the chemical is a “known” or “presumed" carcinogen, etc.

Similarly, the Enhanced Achievement Criteria adds GHS Category 2 for Skin Irritation as a trigger for further action in addition to CMR endpoints. To receive Enhanced Achievement Credit via the Rapid Hazard Screen, only chemicals showing evidence of moderate or low hazard for Skin Irritation (GHS Category 3) will pass the Enhanced Achievement Rapid Hazard Screening Criteria.

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Add the following to the section, in alphabetical order:
ChemStewards Integrated Management System
http://www.socma.com/chemStewards/?subsec=478
GHS: Globally Harmonized System. A Guide to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling, also known as the ‘Purple Book”; most current version https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghs.html
ISO 14001:2004 Environmental Management Systems http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/management-standards/iso14000.htm or most current version
OHSAS 18001:2007
http://www.ohsas-18001-occupational-health-and-safety.com/ or most current version
Responsible Care RC-14001 program
http://responsiblecare.americanchemistry.com/

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/17/2016Updated: 11/9/2016
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Add the following section under "Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization" section:

Calculation Product Manufacturer Supply Chain Optimization
Use the following equation for Option 3 Supply Chain Optimization (see Further Explanation, Supply Chain Optimization). Products that meet the requirements of Option 3, as outlined below, contribute toward earning LEED credit at 100% of the product cost. To encourage actions beyond those minimum requirements, additional credit can be earned in a number of ways.
Equation 2 Percentage Supply Chain Optimization of compliant materials cost.
% of materials cost = {〖product cost〗_1 (criterion val.factor)(supply chain depth factor)(location val.factor)} + {〖product cost〗_2 (criterion val.factor)(supply chain depth factor)(location val.factor)} + ⋯ X100 / Cost of all permanently installed products
where:
Criteria valuation factor = multiplier assigned to number of enhanced achievement measures
100% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements are met.
150% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements plus:
Inventory and screening performed to 99.9% level
OR
Use GHS Category 2 criteria for hazard screening for carcinogens, mutagens, reproductive toxicants, and skin irritants for determining which ingredients are subject to management, reporting, and optimization (the basic requirement stops at GHS Category 1 for these endpoints). See Table 1.
OR
The building product manufacturer shall require either self-declared or third-party validated environmental management and health & safety management systems as described in the requirements in Section 4 for ALL ingredients up to the 99% threshold, not just those that fail the initial hazard screen. If the building product manufacturer is also seeking extra credit in the Supply Chain Depth factor, this would also apply to all ingredients at the additional tier or tiers.
The building product manufacturer shall document substitution or elimination of at least one ingredient that was flagged in the hazard screening process. Where substitution occurs, manufacturer shall take action based on that alternatives assessment such that the hazard is no longer flagged at the Enhanced Achievement hazard Criteria level (table 1) in place of the original ingredient.
200% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements are met plus any two of the four above options.

Supply chain depth factor = multiplier assigned to level of supply chain engagement
100% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements are met.
150% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements plus one of these two:
The building product manufacturer has met the Option 3 minimum requirements for the entire business unit or company.
OR
All tier 2 suppliers have documented processes in place as described for tier 1 suppliers. This multiplier is not available to products with only tier 1 suppliers in their supply chain.
200% value (by cost) where the minimum requirements plus:
All suppliers in the supply chain of the product have documented processes in place as described for tier 1 suppliers. This multiplier is not available to products with only tier 1 and tier 2 suppliers in their supply chain.
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Form Update
Description of change:
Revised location valuation factor calculations to specify that the entire product meets local criteria.
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Table 1. Example calculation for multiple criteria
In 4th column labeled "Contributing value" change the row for "Extended producer responsibility" from "2,000" to ".5 X $2,000 = $1,000", change the total from "$5,200" to "4,200".
In the 2nd column labeled” Criterion” change the row for “Recycled content (60%) to “Postconsumer recycled content.” In the same column, change the row for “Cradle-to-Cradle v2 certified” to “Cradle-to-Cradle v2 Gold”
Also, under the table change the instance of the value "$5,200" to "4,200".
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
7/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Rating System Correction
Description of change:
Change first sentence in last paragraph to read "For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, and purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at..."
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
7/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Change first sentence in last paragraph to read "For credit achievement calculation, products sourced (extracted, manufactured, and purchased) within 100 miles (160 km) of the project site are valued at..."
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014Updated: 2/14/2015
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
In the last sentence of the third paragraph, replace "also" with "not" so that the sentence reads: "Projects in the U.S. may not use this alternative compliance path."
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
10/1/2014
LEED Interpretation
Inquiry:

Can Cradle to Cradle certified products use the Material Health score to meet the credit requirements for Option 2 in the Material Ingredients credit instead of the overall score for the product (including energy, water, etc.)?

Ruling:

Yes, products that have received a full C2C certification may use the score for the material health category to document Option 2 of the Material Ingredients credit. The value for the material health score follows the same levels as a full product certification (C2C v2 Gold valued at 100%, platinum at 150%; C2C v3 Silver – 100%, Gold and Platinum - 150%).

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes

LEEDuser expert

Ashwini Arun

WSP
Senior Sustainability Manager

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