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LEED v4.1
Healthcare
Sustainable Sites
Protect or Restore Habitat

LEED CREDIT

Healthcare-v4.1 SSc2: Protect or Restore Habitat 1 point

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SPECIAL REPORT

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Trista Brown

LEED AP O+M, BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador

WSP USA
Project Director

SPECIAL REPORT

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Requirements

Preserve and protect from all development and construction activity 40% of the greenfield area on the site (if such areas exist). AND Restore a portion of the site (including the building footprint) identified as previously disturbed and follow vegetation and soil requirements below. Vegetated roof surfaces may be included in the habitat area calculations if the plants are native or adapted and provide habitat. Points are awarded according to Table 1.

Table 1. Points for percentage of area restored

Restored Area Points BD+C (except Healthcare) Points BD+C (Healthcare)
15% of total site area 1 1
25% of total site area 2 -
Soil Restoration
Restore disturbed soils in areas that will later serve as the final habitat area.
    Imported soils may not include the following:
    • soils defined regionally by the Natural Resources Conservation Service web soil survey (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.) as prime farmland, unique farmland, or farmland of statewide or local importance;
    • soils from other greenfield sites; or
    • sphagnum peat moss.
Vegetation
Plant a minimum of 6 species of vegetation that are native or adapted to the project’s EPA Level III ecoregion (or local equivalent for projects outside of the U.S.). Include a minimum of 2 out of the following plant categories: tree, shrub, and ground cover. Designate a portion of the habitat area for a pollinator garden consisting of native flowering plants and totaling at least 30 square feet (3 square meters). See all forum discussions about this credit »

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Addenda

11/9/2020Updated: 11/30/2020
Rating System Correction
Description of change:
1. Remove the header for Option 1
2. Replace the sentence starting with "Using native or adapted vegetation, restore 25%" with "Restore a portion of the site (including the building footprint) identified as previously disturbed and follow vegetation and soil requirements below". 
3. In the next sentence, "Vegetated roof surfaces may be included" should be followed with "in the habitat area calculations".
4. The final sentence in the paragraph should read "Points are awarded according to Table 1."
5. A new table should be included titled "Table 1. Points for percentage of area restored" rewarding the following: 1 point for 15% of total site area restored, 2 points for 25% of total site area restored - except Healthcare projects.
6. Revise the "Soils" section to read "Soil Restoration".
7. Revise the first sentence under the Soil Restoration section to read as follows: "Restore disturbed soils in areas that will later serve as the final habitat area". 
8. Remove the first three bullets listed in the Soil Restoration section.
9. Revise the Vegetation section to read as: "Plant a minimum of 6 species of vegetation that are native or adapted to the project’s EPA Level III ecoregion (or local equivalent for projects outside of the U.S.). Include a minimum of 2 out of the following plant categories: tree, shrub, and ground cover. Designate a portion of the habitat area for a pollinator garden consisting of native flowering plants and totaling at least 30 square feet (3 square meters)."
10. Delete "Option 2. Financial Support"
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
No
11/9/2020Updated: 11/30/2020
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
1. In the Behind the Intent, all language after the first sentence should be removed and replaced with: "The restoration requirement was reduced from a minimum of 30% to 15%, and a second threshold was added at 25% for two points to reward projects for increased restoration. Soil requirements have been streamlined and testing requirements have been removed. A vegetation section was added to encourage planting of diverse vegetation and pollinator habitat. Option 2. Financial Support was removed to encourage focus on local habitat restoration."

2. Under Step-by-Step Guidance, replace both bullets with: "Verify that at least 15%, rather than 30%, of previously disturbed areas will be restored.
-Soil tests are only required for imported soils.
-Option 2 Financial Support is no longer offered in this credit.
-Vegetation:
o A contiguous series of habitat areas, including pollinator gardens, connected by landscaped paths are encouraged in order to facilitate connectivity for wildlife, especially pollinating insects that cannot travel far without access to food sources. Pollinator gardens are recommended for areas such as parking lots, which include several small contiguous parcels of vegetation.
o Ground cover includes native and adapted grasses as well as perennials and other plant species. See WE Credit Outdoor Water Use Reduction for more guidance on ground cover.
o Refer to the Xerces Society’s Pollinator-Friendly Plant Lists as a resource to select appropriate plants for local pollinators."

3. Under Further Explanation>Vegetated Roofs, everything after the first bullet should be removed as it is no longer applicable.

4. Under Required Documentation, all 3 bullets should be removed and replaced with the following:
" Site plan depicting the project boundary, building footprint(s), preserved greenfield area(s) (if applicable), previously disturbed area, restored habitat area, native and adapted vegetation, and designated pollinator garden.
Plants list, including pollinator plants, appropriate for project’s EPA Level III ecoregion (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.); must include a minimum of 2 out of the following plant categories: tree, shrub, and ground cover.
Description of disturbed or compacted soils to be revegetated
EPA Level III Ecoregion description (or local equivalent)
No longer required: Soil test results
No longer required: Projects with vegetated roofs to provide the floor area ratio (FAR)
Option 2: Financial Support has been removed and relevant documentation requirements are no longer applicable."

5. The following should be removed from the Referenced Standards section: The Nature Conservancy, World Land Trust, and United Nations Environment Programme, List of accredited environmental organizations. Include the following referenced standard at the end: "Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation, Pollinator-Friendly Plant Lists: xerces.org/pollinator-conservation/plant-lists/"

6. Replace all language under Exemplary Performance with the following: "Restore a minimum of 35% (including the building footprint) of all previously disturbed area on site using soil and vegetation that meet the credit requirements."

7. Add a new section for Definitions, including the following definitions:
" adapted vegetation: vegetation that is not native to the particular region it was introduced to, but has evolved or maintained characteristics conducive for healthy growth and requires no additional resources or maintenance, such as water for irrigation, in comparison to similar species native to the area. An adapted species is non-aggressive or disruptive to native plant communities.
 contiguous: adjoined or adjacent parcels that facilitate connectivity
greenfield site: area that has not been graded, compacted, cleared, or disturbed and that supports (or could support) open space, habitat, or natural hydrology. See also: previously disturbed.
 habitat area: area that supports native wildlife populations by providing locations for nesting, cover, respite, and/or food sources.
 invasive vegetation: nonnative or exotic vegetation that quickly grows and aggressively reproduces, often disrupting or displacing native plant communities. The plant’s vigor combined with a lack of natural enemies leads to outbreak populations.
 pollinator: an insect or animal that moves pollen from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma of a flower in order to pollinate the vegetation.
 pollinator garden: area that is planted with native flowering vegetation that provide nectar, pollen, habitat, or nesting area for native pollinating fauna.
 previously disturbed: areas that have been graded, compacted, cleared, previously developed, or disturbed in any way. These are areas that do not qualify as 'greenfield.’"

Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
No
7/25/2019Updated: 8/29/2019
Reference Guide Correction
Description of change:
Update language so it reads: "Test the imported soils and incorporate test recommended amendments".
Campus Applicable
No
Internationally Applicable:
Yes
See all forum discussions about this credit »

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LEEDuser expert

Trista Brown

LEED AP O+M, BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador

WSP USA
Project Director

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© Copyright U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. All rights reserved.

Requirements

Preserve and protect from all development and construction activity 40% of the greenfield area on the site (if such areas exist). AND Restore a portion of the site (including the building footprint) identified as previously disturbed and follow vegetation and soil requirements below. Vegetated roof surfaces may be included in the habitat area calculations if the plants are native or adapted and provide habitat. Points are awarded according to Table 1.

Table 1. Points for percentage of area restored

Restored Area Points BD+C (except Healthcare) Points BD+C (Healthcare)
15% of total site area 1 1
25% of total site area 2 -
Soil Restoration
Restore disturbed soils in areas that will later serve as the final habitat area.
    Imported soils may not include the following:
    • soils defined regionally by the Natural Resources Conservation Service web soil survey (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.) as prime farmland, unique farmland, or farmland of statewide or local importance;
    • soils from other greenfield sites; or
    • sphagnum peat moss.
Vegetation
Plant a minimum of 6 species of vegetation that are native or adapted to the project’s EPA Level III ecoregion (or local equivalent for projects outside of the U.S.). Include a minimum of 2 out of the following plant categories: tree, shrub, and ground cover. Designate a portion of the habitat area for a pollinator garden consisting of native flowering plants and totaling at least 30 square feet (3 square meters).

LEEDuser expert

Trista Brown

LEED AP O+M, BD+C, Fitwel Ambassador

WSP USA
Project Director

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