Behind the Intent
1. In the second sentence that starts with "Renewable energy generation can...." replace the word "translates" with "contribute"
2. In the last sentence in the Behind the Intent section, replace "energy attribute certificates (EACs)" with the phrase "off-site renewable energy
3. In the third sentence in this section, add an "and" after "The credit structure
incentivizes self-supply of renewable energy
" and delete the text "and real carbon emissions reductions,"
4. Step 2: Compare requirements for renewable energy
systems and off-site methods of procurement:
- In the third bullet point, in the sentence that begins "Alternatively, project teams may consider including a storage system..." delete the "and" and add a comma after "system to increase resiliency", and after the phrase "facilitate further control of building energy costs," add the text: "and reduce renewable energy
- Add the following sentence to the end of the fourth bullet point that begins "Tying into an existing community system...": "Ensure that the terms of the community renewable energy
contract will address all renewable attributes to be retained by the project."
- In the fifth bullet point, replace the capitalized R in "For buildings that are part of a portfolio of buildings, Renewable energy..." with a lower case r.
5. Step 3. Set target for renewable energy
- In the second sentence, replace the phrase "for offsetting annual building greenhouse gas emissions" with the following text: "based on the percentage of total site energy use"
- In the third sentence, replace "greenhouse gas emissions" with "site energy use"
- In the fourth sentence that begins "Projects that use the Energy Performance Compliance Path to..." replace "greenhouse gas emissions" with "site energy use"
6. Step 4. Finalize Renewable Energy Procurement
- In the first sentence, replace "and/or carbon offsets" with "or Energy Attribute Certificates, (EACs)"
- Insert the following new paragraph at the end of the step: "For Tier 2 renewable energy
procurement, review the contract to confirm that the renewable system(s) are scheduled to be operational within two years of building occupancy."
7. Calculations: delete all text and replace with the following:
"Percentage of renewable energy
Use Equation 1 to determine the percentage of renewable energy
generated or purchased. Calculate the percentage of renewable energy
generated or purchased for each Tier.
Equation 1: Percentage of energy generated or purchased
% energy generated purchased = (annual quantity of renewable energy
) / (annual building site electricity use in kWh
Use Equation 2 to estimate annual energy use offset by captured biomethane:
Equation 2: Annual energy usage offset by captured bio-methane
% fuel energy use offset = (annual quantity of captured bio-methane procured in kBtu) / (annual building fuel energy use in kBtu)
Use Equation 3 to calculate the number of points achieved for Tier 2 and Tier 3 when the contract term is different than ten years, and/or when procuring renewable energy
from multiple Tiers.
Equation 3: Proration of Off-site renewables
Points for Pro-Rated Off-Site Renewables = a / [b x (0.5 + 6 / c)]
a = the annual percentage of renewable energy
procurement versus total site energy use
b = the Table 1 Renewable procurement threshold for 1 point for the selected Tier
c = the total contract length in years (where a value of 1 is used for a one-time purchase, and a value of twenty is used for resources owned and operated by the building owner)"
8. Sum of points from multiple procurement sources: delete all text and replace with the following:
"Using Table 1. add up the applicable points from equation 1, for on-site and off-site renewable energy
; and equation 2 for captured bio-methane as applicable, for a total not to exceed 5 points."
9. Renewable Energy Considerations:
- delete the words "and carbon mitigation" in the first sentence
- delete "and/or carbon offsets" in the last bullet in the bulleted list
10. New Off-Site Renewables: Revise the section title to read "Tier 2 New Off-Site Renewables" and make the following text edits:
- Replace "New" with "Tier 2" in the first sentence
- Delete the second sentence and replace with the following: "The renewable energy
system must be contracted to be operational within two years of LEED project occupancy to earn credit."
- Add the following sentence to the end of the third paragraph: "If the LEED project contracts for a one-time purchase and delivery of EACs of more than 100% of the project’s annual electricity use, the EACs must be Green-e
Energy certified or equivalent."
- After the phrase "Investment in new off-site renewables creates new renewable energy
supply", insert the following text: "and has the potential to and displace" so that the sentence reads as follows: "Investment in new off-site renewables creates new renewable energy
supply and has the potential to displace energy and emissions from fossil fuel-powered generators, particularly in regions where the grid mix is a higher percentage of fossil fuels.
- In the sentence that begins "To qualify as a new renewable system..." replace the word "fifteen" with "ten"
11. Existing Off-Site Renewables: Revise the section title to read "Tier 3 Off-Site Renewables" and make the following text edits:
- replace "Existing" with "Tier 3" in the first sentence
- replace "one year" with "five years" in the first sentence
- insert "may" before the words "include utility green tariff programs" in the second sentence
- In the third paragraph, replace all four instances of "fifteen" with "ten"
- delete the sentence "The contract for existing renewable contracts shall confirm that all contributing renewable resources have come online or been built within the last fifteen years to qualify for credit compliance."
12. Energy Attribute Certificates and Carbon Offsets: Delete "Carbon Offsets" from the section title and make the following text edits:
- Delete the sentence that begins "The contract for EACs and carbon offsets.."
- Delete the sentence that begins "To earn up to three points under the credit..."
- Insert the following text:
"An Energy Attribute Certificate (EAC) is a transferrable certificate, record or guarantee that provides information about the environmental attributes of one megawatt hour (MWh) of electricity. Renewable generators can sell EACs together with the electricity (bundled), or separately from the electricity (unbundled). EACs are also referred to as Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) or Guarantees of Origin (GOs).
Retirement of environmental attributes of renewable electricity generation is substantiated through EACs. The owner of the building seeking LEED certification shall contract for renewable energy
and demonstrate that the EACs are retained, owned or retired on behalf of the party who has financial or operational control over the building’s electricity use."
13. Above the sentence that begins "Projects not using Green-e
certified products..." insert a new section title: "Demonstrating Green-e
Equivalency" and make the following text edits:
- in the sentence that begins "Projects not using Green-e
certified products..." delete the phrase "can earn one point under the credit by purchasing annual EACs and carbon offsets that offset 150% of total annual greenhouse gas emissions for a total of fifteen years." and replace with: "must demonstrate the alternative’s equivalency to the quality standards established by USGBC."
- In the second sentence, replace the word "These" with "To be considered equivalent to Green-e
Energy, the EACs retired on behalf of the LEED project..."
- Delete the bulleted list and replace with the following bulleted list:
"Eligible renewable energy
source (see Further Explanation, Eligible Renewable Energy Systems)
Renewable resources are from projects that have come online within the last fifteen years
Verifiable chain of custody
Mechanism to prevent double-counting"
- In the sentence that begins "The executed contract must specify..." replace "fifteen" with "ten"
- Delete the following sentence: "All of the above procurement strategies play an important role in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. Leveraging a combination of procurement strategies can send important demand signals and spur further investment in renewables markets globally"
14. Add section below the new section "Demonstrating Green-e
Equivalency" titled "Captured Bio-methane" and insert the following text:
"Biogas from landfills, sewage treatment plants, and farm methane capture that is captured off-site and delivered to the LEED project for combustion on-site is considered “captured bio-methane” in LEED v4.1. Captured bio-methane may be used to offset fuel energy usage and qualify as Tier 3 off-site renewable energy
provided that the biogas contract meets the minimum requirements for contract length specified in credit requirements. For procurement of captured bio-methane where a ten-year contract is not available, procurement shall be prorated based on the contract term length.
Retirement of environmental attributes of renewable gas is substantiated through certificates specific to gas production and use. The LEED project owner shall contract for renewable gas and demonstrate that the environmental attribute certificates are retained, owned or retired on behalf of the LEED project."
15. Required Documentation: replace the table with the following Required Documentation table:
v4.1 Renewable Energy Calculator
Renewable system rated capacity
Calculations to determine energy generated
Confirmation of renewable attribute ownership (for on-site systems owned by building owner) or contract indicating duration and renewable attribute ownership (for on-site systems owned by a third party)
Contract indicating percentage ownership, lease, or allocation of Tier 2 off-site renewable system
Purchase letter or contract of commitment showing renewable energy
for targeted point threshold
16. Exemplary Performance: delete all text and replace with the following:
"Tier 1: renewable energy
generation meets or exceeds 25% of total site energy use.
Tier 2: renewable energy
procurement meets or exceeds 60% of total site energy use.
is not available for Tier 3 renewable energy